Strengthening Healthcare Service Delivery through Communities of Practice among Orthopedic Nurses in Federal Hospitals in Kano State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

S. U. Ahmad
K. D. Abbas

Abstract

Background: This study investigates use of community of practice as a strategy for strengthening healthcare service delivery among orthopedic nurses working at some selected federal hospitals.

Aims: The specific objectives of the study targeted to investigate the level of awareness of Orthopedic Nurses about community of practice for knowledge sharing in Federal hospitals in Kano metropolis; and to determine the type of knowledge shared through Community of Practice by Orthopedic Nurses in the hospitals; as well as to find out how Community of Practice could improve healthcare delivery through knowledge sharing among Orthopedic Nurses in the Hospitals.

Place of Study: The study was conducted at National Orthopedic Hospital, Dala-Kano, Nigeria and Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria from July 2018 to January, 2019.

Methodology: The study adopted quantitative research approach with a self-developed questionnaire that was validated using both content and face validity. A sample size of 134 from a population of 217 was drawn with response rate of 99.3%. The study hypotheses were tested using Chi Square and ANOVA tests using SPSS version 20.0.

Results: The study found that the level of awareness about community of practice was high. The findings show that tacit and explicit types of Knowledge were generated and shared through community of practice. 

Conclusion: The study concludes that there is significant relationship between awareness and use of community of practice for knowledge sharing among orthopedic nurses in the hospitals under study. Similarly, the study concludes that the relationship between community of practice and knowledge sharing is reflected in job performance.

Keywords:
Community of practice, knowledge sharing, knowledge management, orthopedic hospital

Article Details

How to Cite
Ahmad, S. U., & Abbas, K. D. (2020). Strengthening Healthcare Service Delivery through Communities of Practice among Orthopedic Nurses in Federal Hospitals in Kano State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, 8(3), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajess/2020/v8i330223
Section
Original Research Article

References

Chandran D, Raman K. Awareness and problems in Implementing Knowledge Management Systems in Medium Sized Business Organizations in Malaysia. Journal of Social Science. 2009;19(2): 155-161.

Wenger E, McDermott R, Snyder WM. Cultivating communities of practice: A Guide to managing knowledge. Boston: Harvard Business School; 2002.

Lave J, Wenger E. Community of practice: The encyclopedia of pedagogy and informal education. In: Situated Learning. Legitimate Peripheral Participation, Cambridge. University of Cambridge Press. 1991;138.

Brown JS, Duguids P. Organizational Learning and Communities-of-Practice: Toward a Unified View of Working Learning, and Innovating, Organization Science. 1991;2(1):40-57.

Wanberg JS. Adoption & use of community of practice to facilitate knowledge sharing in project based organizations. PhD dissertation submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Colorado. 2014;45.

American Nurses Association. Nursing scope and standards of practice (2nd Ed). Silver Spring, MD: Author. Nursing Standards. 2010;8-9.

Available:www.nursesbooks.org

Cummings, S. Knowledge sharing in communities of practice in international development. Knowledge Sharing in Communities of Practice in International Development. 2008;1-22.

Cummings JN, Haas MR. So many teams, so little time: Time allocation matters in geographically dispersed teams. Journal of Organizational Behaviour. 2012;33:316-341.

Wenger E. Communities of practice: Learning, meaning, and identity Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 1998;34.

Engel PGH. The social organization of innovation, a focus on stakeholder interaction. Royal Tropical Institute. Amsterdam. 1997;239.

Meessen B, Kouanda S, Musango L, Richard F, Ridde V, Soucat A. Communities of practice: The missing link for knowledge management on implementation issues in low-income countries? Institute for Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155. 2000 Antwerp, Belgium. 2011;155-200.

Ikeazato LO. Establishing community of practice in the University, College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. European Scientific Journal. 2016;12(13):349-358.

Ikioda F. Communities of practice in competitive settings: Exploring the role of associations of market traders in marketplaces in Lagos, Nigeria. Knowledge Management for Development Journal. 2014;10(2):105-116.

Oladejo BF, Olaolorun IA. CPKMS: A knowledge management Repository for Community pediatrics. Information and Knowledge Management. 2014;4(4):14- 22.

Kothari A, Boyco AJ, Conkin J, Stolee P, Sibbald SL. Communities of practice for supporting health systems change; a missed opportunity. Health Research Policy and systems; 2015.

Available:http://creativecommons.org/license/by/4.0

Lettieri E, Borga F, Savoldelli A. The role of knowledge management in performance improvement and in achieving excellence. 2004;65.

McClure Wasko M, Faraj S. It is what one does: Why people participate and help others in electronic communities of practice. The Journal of Strategic Information Systems. 2000;9(2/3):155- 173.

Wenger E, McDermott R, Snyder W. Cultivating communities of practice: A guide to managing knowledge, Harvard Business School Press, Boston, MA. 2002;16.

Ardichvili A, Page V, Wentling T. Motivation and barriers to participation in Virtual Knowledge-Sharing Communities of Practice. Journal of Knowledge Management. 2003;7(1):64–77.

Matayong S, Mahmood AK. Literature of knowledge Management systems studies. Journal of Knowledge Management. 2013; 17(3):472-490.

Davis J. The importance of the Community of Practice in Identity Development. 2006;87.

ION. Orthopedic Nursing. International Orthopedic Nurses Day; 2012.

[Retrieved on 22 September, 2012 via en]

wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthopedic_nursing

Ibegwan A. Provision of library and information services to users in the Era of Globalization, First published by Waltodanny Visual, Lagos Nigeria. 2013; 23-34.

Adams SL. Nurses knowledge, skills, and attitude toward Electronic Health Records (EHR). Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies: Walden University. 2015;2-5.

Emojorho D, Adomi A. An assessment of the use of Information Technology Facilities for Academic Pursuit. The Electronic Library. 2006;24(5):706-713.

Jackson SL. Research methods and statistics: A Critical approach. 4th Edition. Cengage Learning, USA. 2011;17.

Tongco MDC. Purposive sampling as a tool for informant selection. Journal of PLANTS, People, and Applied Research. 2007;5:147–158.

Creswell JW. Research design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods approaches. 4th (Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, London. 2014;453.

Krejcie A, Morgan L. Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement. 1970;30: 607-610

Wanberg JS. Adoption & use of community of practice to facilitate knowledge sharing in project based organizations. PhD dissertation submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Colorado; 2014.

Murillo, E. Communities of Practice in the business and organization studies literature. Information Research. 2011; 16(1):1-9.

Nor-Ashmiza MI. Key determinants of research-knowledge sharing in UK higher education institutions. A PhD thesis submitted to the Department of Strategy and Business System, Portsmouth business school, University of Portsmouth, UK. 2012;9-13.