Teacher Motivation: Does It Matter to Primary School Teachers in Their Practice?

Main Article Content

Louis Jinot Belle
Khulputeea Savitree Horil


Motivation is a fundamental concept of professionalism and efficacy for teachers. The present study investigated the motivational factors that affect the performance of primary school teachers in Mauritius. Governments have in the past come up with major educational reforms, but many shortcomings of the education system have influenced teacher motivation. The empirical data was analysed by using mixed methods with a semi-structured questionnaire and interviews from practising teachers to allow the researcher to draw valid conclusions. The purposive and convenient sampling was used for the case study research design. The findings indicated that the motivation of teachers was influenced by several aspects of their job. Teachers were not motivated due to excessive parental involvement, a lack of discipline of pupils inside and outside the classroom, unwilling learners and poor working conditions. However, most of them were more intrinsically than extrinsically motivated. It was also found that the Ministry of Education had a significant influence on their motivation, especially in the context of the Nine Year Continuous Basic Education reform. The researcher recommended that teaching materials and further teacher training should be provided to teachers and the management staff should be trained in using effective leadership and management of schools.

Motivation, primary teachers, performance, management, motivational factors

Article Details

How to Cite
Belle, L. J., & Horil, K. S. (2020). Teacher Motivation: Does It Matter to Primary School Teachers in Their Practice?. Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, 8(3), 16-26. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajess/2020/v8i330224
Original Research Article


Ministry of Education, Culture & Human Resources. Education & Human Resources Strategy Plan 2008-2020. Phoenix: IVTB House; 2009.

(Assessed 22 December 2019)


Jaddoo J. PSAC Results: Pass rate drops by 1.33%. 2019.

(Assessed 20 November 2019)


Belle LJ. The role of Secondary School Principals in motivating teachers in the Flacq District of Mauritius. Masters Dissertation. Pretoria: University of South Africa; 2007.

Seebaluck AK, Seegum TD. Motivation among public primary school teachers in Mauritius. International Journal of Educational Management. 2013;27(4): 446-464.

Canrinus ET, Helms-Lorenz M, Beijaard, D, Buitink J, Hofman A. Self-efficacy, job satisfaction, motivation and commitment: exploring the relationships between indicators of teachers’ professional identity. Eur J Psychol Educ. 2012;27:116-119.

Spittle S. An examination of teacher confidence and motivation to teach primary school physical education. PhD Dissertation. Melbourne: College of Education Victoria University; 2015.

Barnes M. Exploring teachers’ understanding of pupil motivation. Educational Psychology in Scotland; 2003.

Taylor MB. The integrate dynamics of motivation and performance in the workplace. John Wiley and Sons Ltd; 2011.

(Assessed 5 December 2019)


Weinberg RS, Gould D. Foundations of Sports and exercise psychology. Human Kinetics. 2015.

Assessed 2 December 2019


Van den Berghe L, Cardon G, Alterman N, Tallir IB, Vansteenkiste M, Haerens L. Emotional exhaustion and motivation in physical education teachers: A variable-centred and person-centred approach. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 20134;32(3):305-320.

Ntoumanis N, Mallet, C. Motivation in sport: A self-determination theory perspective. In Papaioannou A, Hackfort D. (Eds.) Routledge Companion to Sport and Exercise Psychology: Global Perspectives and Fundamental Concepts; 2014.

Ryan RM, Deci EL, Grolnick WS, LaGuardia JG. The significance of autonomy and autonomy support in psychological development and psychopathology; 2006.

Ahn I. Relations between teachers’ motivation and students’ motivation: A self-determination theory perspective. Masters Dissertation. West Lafayette Indiana: Purdue University; 2014.

Steyn GM. Managing human resources: Personnel management. Pretoria: University of South Africa; 1996.

Cole GA. Organisational Behaviour. London: DP Publications; 1996.

Firestone WA. Teacher evaluation Policy and conflicting theories of motivation. Educational Researcher. 2015;43(2):100-107.

Nass JD. Perceptions of the appraisal system for teachers held by Heads of Departments at selected Primary Schools in the East London Region, Eastern Cape Province. Masters Dissertation. University of South Africa; 2017.

Belle LJ. The Teacher as a Lifelong Learner. Réduit: Open University of Mauritius; 2014.

Smit PJ, Cronje GJ, Brevis T, Vrba MJ. Management Principles. Contemporary Edition for Africa 4th ed.Cape Town: Juta; 2007.

Wallet P. The UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) strategy on teacher statistics developing effective measures of quantity and quality in education. International Perspectives on Education and Society; 2015.

Börü N. The factors affecting teacher-motivation. International Journal of Instruction. 2018;4(11):761-765.

Belle LJ. Educational leadership and management. Reduit: Open University of Mauritius; 2015.

Wentzel KR, Wigfield AW. Handbook of Motivation at School. Routledge, Oxon; 2009.

Perie M, Baker DP. Job satisfaction among America’s teachers: Effects of workplace conditions, background and characteristics and teacher compensation. Statistical Analysis Report; 1997.

Rosenblatt Z, Peled D. School climate and parental involvement. Journal of Educational Administration. 2012;40(4): 349-369.

Grolnick, WS, Slowiaczek M. Parents’ involvement in their children’s schooling: A multidimensional conceptualization and motivational model. Child Development. 1994;65:237–252.

Muijs D, Harris A. Teacher leadership - improvement through empowerment: An overview of the literature. Educational Management and Administration. 2003; 31(4):437-448.

Vail K. Climate control. American School Board Journal. 2005;192(6):16-19.

Callikan S. Nine Year Schooling and PSAC: Will they bear their fruits?; 2017.

(Assessed 22 December 2019)


Canales A, Maldonado L. Teacher quality and student achievement in Chile: Linking teachers' contribution and observable characteristics. International Journal of Educational Development. 2018;60:33-50.

Maimela HS. Impact of Curriculum changes on primary school teachers in seshego circuit, limpopo province. M Ed Dissertation. Pretoria: University of South Africa; 2015.

Creswell JW. Educational research: Planning, conducting and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. Boston, MA: Pearson Education; 2014.

Adegboyega LO, Okesina FA, Jacob AO. Family relationships and bullying among students with disabilities in Ogbomogo, Nigeria. International Journal of Instruction. 2017;10(3):242-256.

Ministry of Education, Culture and Human Resources. Strategy plan 2008-2020. Phoenix: IVTB; 2008.

Garcia QP, Santiago AB. Parenting styles as correlates to the self-esteem of underprivileged adolescents: Basis for a proposed parenting skills program. International Journal of Advanced Education and Research. 2017;2(5):27-35.

Belle LJ. The role of principals in maintaining effective discipline among learners in selected Mauritian secondary schools in Mauritius: An education management model. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis. Pretoria: University of South Africa; 2016.

Pay Research Bureau. Review of pay and grading structures and conditions of service in the public sector and the private secondary schools. Republic of Mauritius: Government of Mauritius; 2016.

Flores GM, Hondagneu-Sotelo P. A new gendered occupational niche: Latina pathways into the teaching profession. Immigration and Work Research in the Sociology of Work. 2015;27:255-287.

Foreman JM. Elementary teachers’ and administrators’ perceptions of teacher motivation. PhD Dissertation. Lynchburg, V A: Liberty University; 2019.

UNESCO. Teacher support and motivation framework for Africa: Emerging patterns. Ethiopia: UNESCO-IICBA; 2017.

Smith C, Gomez R. Certifying adult education staff and faculty. New York, Council for the Advancement of Adult Literacy; 2011.

(Assessed 22 December 2019)


Jaiswal SK. Role of parent involvement and some strategies that promote parent involvement. Journal of International Academic Research for Multidisciplinary Studies. 2017;5(2):95-104.