Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices towards the Density of Aedes Larvae in a Tourist Destination in Bali
Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies,
Introduction: The lack of information can affect the level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices for dengue control. The purpose of this study was to measure knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with the larvae density of Aedes sp.
Study Design: This study used a cross-sectional design by sampling as many as 250 households. Data measurements were carried out quantitatively using questionnaires and direct observation. Results: The variable knowledge, attitudes, practices, family income, and door-to-door health promotion associated with Aedes larvae density. People who eradicated mosquito breeding sites were mothers (74.4%), draining mosquito breeding sites routinely once a week (43%). The media favored direct counseling (53%), television as much as (34%). The preferred electronic media was interactive interviews (78.8%). The Aedes sp entomology survey results were house index (HI): 31.2%, container index (CI): 20.4%, and breteau index (BI): 103.6%.
Conclusion: The knowledge, attitude, practice, family income, and door-to-door health promotion variables were associated with the density of Aedes larvae. Education programs in the community could increase awareness of controlling dengue vectors.
- aedes density.
How to Cite
Kraemer MUG, Sinka ME, Duda KA, Mylne AQN, Shearer FM, Barker CM, et al. The global distribution of the arbovirus vectors Aedes aegypti and Ae . albopictus. Elife. 2015;4:1–18.
WHO. Treatment, prevention and control global strategy for dengue prevention and control 2. WHO. Geneva: WHP Press. 2012;1–33.
Mardiati Nadjib, Ery Setiawan SP, Al. JN et. The economic burden of dengue in Indonesia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2019;1–14.
Mulyatno KC, Kotaki T, Yotopranoto S, Rohmah EA, Churotin S, Sucipto TH, et al. Detection and serotyping of dengue viruses in aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) collected in Surabaya, Indonesia from 2008 to 2015. Jpn J Infect Dis. 2018;71(1):58–61.
Indonesian Ministry of Health. Indonesia health profile [Internet]. Jakarta; 2018. Available:https://www.kemkes.go.id/resources/download/pusdatin/profil-kesehatan-indonesia/indonesia-health-profile-2018.pdf
Megawati D, Masyeni S, Yohan B, Lestarini A, Hayati RF, Meutiawati F, et al. Dengue in Bali : Clinical characteristics and genetic diversity of circulating dengue viruses. PLoS Negl Trop Dis [Internet]. 2017;11(5): 1–15. Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0005483
Yoshikawa MJ, Kusriastuti R. TMH of dengue virus infection and chikungunya fever in Bali in 2010: Surge the burden of mosquito-borne infectious diseases in a tourist destination. Trop Med Health. 2013;41(2):67–78.
Masyeni S, Yohan B, Somia IKA, Myint KSA, Sasmono RT. Dengue infection in international travellers visiting Bali, Indonesia. J Travel Med. 2018;25(1):1–7.
Al-Muhandis N, Hunter PR. The value of educational messages embedded in a community-based approach to combat dengue fever: A systematic review and meta regression analysis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011;5(8).
Koenraadt CJM, Tuiten W, Sithiprasasna R, Kijchalao U, Jones JW, Scott TW. Dengue knowledge and practices and their impact on Aedes aegypti populations in Kamphaeng Phet, Thailand. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006;74(4):692–700.
Ismail A, Nawi AM, Mohamed A. Communication for behavioural impact (COMBI) program in dengue prevention evaluation: Mixed methods approach. Int Med J. 2015;22(5):367–70.
Azmawati MN, Aniza I, Ali M. Evaluation of communication for behavioral impact (COMBI) program in dengue prevention: A qualitative and quantitative study in Selangor, Malaysia. Iran J Public Health. 2013;42(5):538–9.
Purnama SG, Baskoro T. Maya ndex kepadatan larva Aedes aegypti terhadap infeksi dengue. Makara Kesehat. 2012;16(2):57–64.
Aldstadt J, Koenraadt CJM, Fansiri T, Kijchalao U, Richardson J, Jones JW, et al. Ecological modeling of Aedes aegypti (l.) pupal production in Rural Kamphaeng phet, Thailand. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011;5(1).
Siregar FA, Makmur T, Huda N. Key breeding place for dengue vectors and the impact of larvae density on dengue transmission in North Sumatera province, Indonesia. Asian J Epidemiol. 2017;10(1): 1–9.
Wilder-Smith A. Dengue infections in travellers. Paediatr Int Child Health. 2012; 32(1):28–32.
Shuaib F, Todd D, Campbell-Stennett D, Ehiri J, Jolly PE. Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding dengue infection in Westmoreland, Jamaica. West Indian Med J. 2010;59(2):139–46.
Ho TS, Huang MC, Wang SM, Hsu HC, Liu CC. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of dengue disease among healthcare professionals in southern Taiwan. J Formos Med Assoc [Internet]. 2013;112(1):18–23. Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfma.2012.11.004
Bota R, Ahmed M, Jamali MS, Aziz A. Knowledge, attitude and perception regarding dengue fever among university students of interior Sindh. J Infect Public Health [Internet]. 2014;7(3):218– 23. Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2013.11.004
Gyawali N, Bradbury RS, Taylor-Robinson AW. Knowledge, attitude and recommendations for practice regarding dengue among the resident population of Queensland, Australia. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2016;6(4):360–6.
Ibrahim NKR, Al-Bar A, Kordey M, Al-Fakeeh A. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices relating to Dengue fever among females in Jeddah high schools. J Infect Public Health. 2009;2(1):30–40.
Purnama SG, Satoto TB, Prabandari Y. Pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku pemberantasan sarang nyamuk terhadap infeksi dengue di kecamatan denpasar selatan, Kota Denpasar, Bali. Arc Com Heal. 2013;2(1):20–7.
Boonchutima S, Kachentawa K, Limpavithayakul M, Prachansri A. Longitudinal study of Thai people media exposure, knowledge, and behavior on dengue fever prevention and control. J Infect Public Health [Internet]. 2017;10(6):836–41. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2017.01.016
Javed N, Ghazanfar H, Naseem S. Knowledge of dengue among students exposed to various awareness campaigns in model schools of Islamabad: A Cross-sectional study. Cureus. 2018;10(4).
Garg P, Nagpal J, Khairnar P, Seneviratne SL. Economic burden of dengue infections in India. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2008;102(6):570–7.
Clark DV, Mammen MP, Nisalak A, Puthimethee V, Endy TP. Economic impact of dengue fever/dengue hemorrhagic fever in Thailand at the family and population levels. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2005;72(6): 786–91.
Zubieta-Zavala A, López-Cervantes M, Salinas-Escudero G, Ramírez-Chávez A, Castañeda JR, Hernández-Gaytán SI, et al. Economic impact of dengue in Mexico considering reported cases for 2012 to 2016. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2018;12(12):1–18.
Heydari N, Larsen DA, Neira M, Ayala EB, Fernandez P, Adrian J, et al. Household dengue prevention interventions, expenditures, and barriers to Aedes aegypti control in Machala, Ecuador. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14(2):1–15.
Devi Ayuningtyas K, Sri Rahardjo S, Murti B. Risk factors of dengue fever: Application of precede – proceed model. J Epidemiol Public Heal. 2019;04(01):37–46.
Madzlan F, Che N, Say C, Zakaria N. Breeding characteristics of aedes mosquitoes in dengue risk area. Procedia - Soc Behav Sci [Internet]. 2016;234:164–72. Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.10.231
Dom NC, Ahmad AH, Ismail R. Habitat characterization of aedes sp. breeding in urban hotspot area. Procedia - Soc Behav Sci [Internet]. 2013;85:100–9. Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.08.342
Emidi B, Kisinza WN, Mmbando BP, Malima R, Mosha FW. Effect of physicochemical parameters on Anopheles and Culex mosquito larvae abundance in different breeding sites in a rural setting of Muheza, Tanzania. Parasites and Vectors. 2017;10(1):1–12.
WHO. Dengue guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control. WHO. 2009;329–330.
Ong J, Liu X, Rajarethinam J, Yap G, Ho D, Ng LC. A novel entomological index, Aedes aegypti Breeding Percentage, reveals the geographical spread of the dengue vector in Singapore and serves as a spatial risk indicator for dengue. Parasites and Vectors. 2019;12(1).
Overgaard HJ, Pientong C, Thaewnongiew K, Bangs MJ, Ekalaksananan T, Aromseree S, et al. Correction to: Assessing dengue transmission risk and a vector control intervention using entomological and immunological indices in Thailand: Study protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial, Trials. BioMed Central Ltd. 2018;19:122. DOI: 10.1186/s13063-018-2490-1
Roiz D, Wilson AL, Scott TW, Fonseca DM, Jourdain F, Müller P, et al. Integrated Aedes management for the control of Aedes-borne diseases. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2018;12(12):1–21.
Aryaprema VS, Xue R-D. Breteau index as a promising early warning signal for dengue fever outbreaks in the Colombo District, Sri Lanka. Acta Trop [Internet]. 2019;199:105155. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2019.105155
Sanchez L, Vanlerberghe V, Alfonso L, Marquetti MDC, Guzman MG, Bisset J, et al. Aedes aegypti larval indices and risk for dengue epidemics. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12(5):800–6.
Sanchez L, Cortinas J, Pelaez O, Gutierrez H, Concepción D, Van Der Stuyft P. Breteau Index threshold levels indicating risk for dengue transmission in areas with low Aedes infestation. Trop Med Int Heal. 2010;15(2):173–5.
Abstract View: 735 times
PDF Download: 474 times